Actor/Actress, Director, Soundtrack
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Shelbyville Central High School
Middle Tennessee State University (dropped out)
Actress, Model, Singer, Director, Producer
Sandra Louise Anderson (née Smith; May 28, 1944 – November 3, 2018), professionally known as Sondra Locke, was an American actress and director. She made her film debut in 1968 in The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter, for which she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. She went on to star in such films as Willard, The Outlaw Josey Wales, The Gauntlet, Every Which Way But Loose, Bronco Billy, Any Which Way You Can and Sudden Impact. She had worked with Clint Eastwood, who was her companion for over 13 years. Her autobiography, The Good, the Bad, and the Very Ugly – A Hollywood Journey, was published in 1997.
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Music Profile Complete
Full Name at Birth
Sandra Louise Smith
Claim to Fame
Profile Bio Text
Sondra Locke was born May 28, 1944 as Sandra Louise Smith, probably in Madison, Alabama. She was the daughter of Raymond Smith, a military man stationed nearby, and Pauline Bayne. Smith departed the scene before Sondra's birth. In 1945, her mother wed William B. Elkins, and together they had a son, Donald, in 1946. The short union ended in divorce. In 1948, Bayne remarried. Alfred Locke bestowed his surname on Pauline's children and raised the family in Shelbyville, Tennessee, a quiet little town about 60 miles southeast of Nashville. Sondra's stepfather was a carpenter; her mother worked in a pencil factory. For the smart, fanciful Locke, "My childhood felt as if I had been dropped off at an extended summer camp for which I was waiting to be picked up." The bright girl loved to read, which puzzled her simple mother, who was always pushing her to spend more time outside. Sondra's happiest moments occurred on weekend visits to the local movie theater.
Locke was a cheerleader in junior high and graduated valedictorian of Shelbyville Mills' 1957-1958 eighth grade class. At Shelbyville Central High School, the "classroom was the one place where I felt like I had a chance to prove myself and I continued to excel. I felt safe there and I liked it." Her best friend was classmate Gordon Anderson. He was a fey young man, who shared many of Sondra's fanciful hopes about the future and was her collaborator in devising harmless ways to make their lives in Shelbyville more magical. One of the duo's frequent activities was making home movies with Gordon's Super 8 camera.
When Gordon attended Middle Tennessee State University (in Murfreesboro, about 30 miles from Nashville) in 1962, Sondra enrolled there, too. Upon completing freshman year, Sondra had a blowup with her mother, left home, and did not return to college. Instead, she worked in Nashville as a promotions assistant for WSM-TV, with occasional modeling and voiceover work. She also began acting in community theater as a member of Circle Players Inc. Along the way she dated George Crook, a cameraman from WSM, and Tom Grissom, head of the station's public relations department. Meanwhile, Gordon revealed to her that he was homosexual. He went off to Manhattan to study acting and, for a while, had a lover there. Anderson was talented but unfocused about his theater craft and eventually returned to Tennessee. Because of Locke's spiritual kinship with Anderson, she and Gordon decided to wed. The mixed-orientation couple were married at First Presbyterian Church in Nashville on September 25, 1967. (Reputedly, the marriage was never consummated.)
If Gordon was unable to launch his own acting career, he had no such problems igniting Sondra's. He learned that Warner Bros. was holding a nationwide search for a young actress to play a key role in the screen adaptation of Carson McCullers' novel The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter (1968). Anderson helped Locke research the part of Mick, a teenage waif in a southern town who befriends a suicidal deaf-mute (Alan Arkin) boarding at the house where she lives. For the Birmingham audition, Gordon bleached her eyebrows, bound her bosom and carefully fixed her hair, makeup and outfit so that she would instantly impress casting agents. The ploy worked, and, after several callbacks, Locke -- who lied about her age to seem younger -- was hired. The movie was released in the summer of 1968 and earned respectful reviews from critics, although many filmgoers found the picture too arty. Sondra was Oscar-nominated for her sensitive portrayal.
Next, Sondra moved to Los Angeles, with Gordon in tow. She hoped to parlay her Academy Award nomination into further movie assignments. The big-eyed, petite, wiry blonde found it difficult to win suitable parts, making her accept lesser projects, the most famous of which was Willard (1971), a film about marauding rats. Cover Me Babe (1970), A Reflection of Fear (1972) and The Second Coming of Suzanne (1974) faded into cinematic obscurity. In the last picture Locke played a Christ figure and had torrid love scenes with Paul Sand. Episodic television provided better acting opportunities: the anthology program Night Gallery (1969-1973) and dramatic series including The F.B.I. (1965-1974), Cannon (1971-1976), Kung Fu (1972-1975) and Barnaby Jones (1973-1980).
For half of the 1970s, the Andersons resided at West Hollywood's Andalusia condominium complex whilst seeing other people. Sondra was linked with Bruce Davison, her costar from Willard (1971), and Bo Hopkins, who appeared with her in a teleplay called Gondola (1974). In June 1975, her personal and professional fortunes shifted when Warner Bros. offered her the part of Clint Eastwood's romantic interest in The Outlaw Josey Wales (1976). It was a rather minor role, but Locke realized Eastwood's popularity would draw large audiences and thus provide exposure she needed to revitalize her dormant career. In early October 1975, the complimentary pair fell hard for each other on location in Page, Arizona. "We were almost living together from the very first days of the film," Locke remembered. Ecstatic Clint confided he'd never been in love before and wrote a poem for his new girlfriend: "She made me monogamous." This serially philandering megastar was 14 years her senior and a foot taller than she.
The Outlaw Josey Wales (1976) was indeed a hit; Sondra sparked a flurry of interest among male viewers as virtually nonspeaking eye candy. Yet she stopped pursuing film roles by her own initiative to attend to wifely duties and would subsequently appear on the big screen exclusively in Eastwood-controlled projects, with one minor exception in The Shadow of Chikara (1977). (The home invasion thriller Death Game (1977), though released after they became an item, was actually shot in 1974.) "Clint wanted me to work only with him," she said. "He didn't like the idea of me being away from him."
Over the next few years, Locke had two abortions from her relationship with Eastwood. In 1979, she underwent a tubal ligation at UCLA to prevent further pregnancies. She and Clint settled into a $1.1 million, seven-bedroom Spanish-style Bel-Air mansion originally built in 1931, which she spent months renovating and decorating, and which she believed would be hers forever. She continued to spend platonic time with Gordon, whom she never divorced, nurtured by their spiritual relationship. Gordon moved in and out of gay relationships, and sometimes he and a boyfriend would socialize with Clint and Sondra. As for the professional side of things, Locke and Eastwood reteamed for his actioner The Gauntlet (1977), slapstick adventure-comedy Every Which Way But Loose (1978), its sequel Any Which Way You Can (1980), the quirky western satire Bronco Billy (1980) and the fourth, darkest, most ambitious "Dirty Harry" vehicle, Sudden Impact (1983). All were stellar box office performers that cemented the twosome as filmdom's most visible couple.
During this period, Sondra took a few TV roles when Clint was starring in a movie that had no part for her to play (such as Escape from Alcatraz (1979) or Firefox (1982)). The first time she worked apart from him for any length of time since The Shadow of Chikara (1977) in 1976 was Rosie: The Rosemary Clooney Story (1982). (Rosemary Clooney personally asked Locke to star in the CBS biopic on the strength of her performance in Bronco Billy (1980).) She later made an appearance on Britain's Tales of the Unexpected (1979) serial. For the most part, however, she found herself sitting on the sidelines waiting for Eastwood to cast her in something.
By the mid-1980s, Sondra, over 40, was acutely aware that in Hollywood terms her leading lady days were at an end. She had long been interested in film directing and had observed carefully how Eastwood and others directed the pictures she was in. With his blessing, she found a property that intrigued her and that his production company, Malpaso, would package. She developed it into a project for Warner Bros., where Clint had a long-term working relationship. She made Ratboy (1986), but despite good reviews, the film received scant distribution. In retrospect, Locke concluded that her exertion of authority over the project caused her longtime paramour to turn away from her, to find someone who was more compliant. (In an unpublicized affair with stewardess Jacelyn Reeves, Eastwood sired two legally fatherless children born in 1986 and 1988, in Monterey -- an "evil betrayal" Locke was unaware of.)
The showdown between Sondra and Clint occurred on December 29, 1988 at their mountain retreat in Sun Valley, Idaho. After an unpleasant screaming match, Eastwood suggested Locke return to Los Angeles without him. She sensed their relationship had passed a point of reconciliation, a fact confirmed when she scarcely saw Eastwood in subsequent months and when industry friends they knew in common shunned her. As she admitted later, "In my head I guess I knew it was over, but in my heart Clint and I were still not severed." On April 10, 1989, while she was directing a demanding sequence in a new police procedural, Impulse (1990), Eastwood had the locks changed on their Bel-Air home. He also ordered her possessions to be boxed and put in storage. A letter addressed to "Mrs. Gordon Anderson," imperatively telling her not to come home, was delivered to her lawful husband's doorstep. When Gordon telephoned Sondra on the set and read her the letter, she fainted dead away in front of the cast and crew.
On April 26, 1989, Sondra filed a palimony lawsuit against her domestic partner of 14 years. Her "brazenness" in taking on the powerful Eastwood amazed and shocked Tinseltown and titillated the public. Her action sought unspecified damages and an equal division of the property she and Eastwood had acquired during their relationship. Locke asked for title to the Bel-Air home they had shared and to the Crescent Heights (West Hollywood) place Eastwood had purchased in 1982 (in which Gordon lived). The closed hearing was held on May 31, 1989, before a private judge. Before any court decision could be made, a private settlement was reached between the parties. Locke received $450,000, the Crescent Heights property, and a $1.5 million multiyear development-directing pact at Warner Bros. In return, she dropped her suit. By then, the fall of 1990, she was happy to end the hassle. (In the past months she had been diagnosed with cancer, undergone a double mastectomy, and endured chemotherapy.)
For the next three years Locke submitted over 30 projects to Warner Bros., but none received a green light to move ahead. Moreover, the studio refused to assign her to direct any of their in-house projects. In the mid-1990s, Sondra discovered evidence that Eastwood had arranged to reimburse Warner Bros. for her three-year studio contract -- a matter that he had never mentioned to her. It became obvious that the studio's negative professional attitude toward her had little or nothing to do with her directing or project-finding abilities. On June 5, 1995, Locke sued Eastwood again, alleging fraud and breach of fiduciary duty. She claimed that Clint's behind-the-scene actions had sent a message "to the film industry and the world at large ... that Locke was not to be taken seriously." (According to Sondra's lawyer, the situation was Clint's "way of terminating the earlier palimony suit.")
While Locke's case was revving up at the Burbank Courthouse, Eastwood begged her to settle. On September 24, 1996 -- the morning jurors were set to begin a second day of deliberation -- Sondra announced her decision to drop her suit against Clint for an undisclosed monetary reward. One contingency was laid down: she would not reveal the settlement amount. The jubilant plaintiff said, "This was never about money. It was about my fighting for my professional rights." According to the victor, "I didn't enjoy it. But sometimes you have to do things you don't enjoy." Locke added, "In this business, people get so accustomed to being abused, they just accept the abuse and say, 'Well, that's just the way it is.' Well, it isn't."
But Locke was not finished. She had a pending action against Warner Bros. for allegedly harming her career by agreeing to the sham movie-directing deal that Eastwood had purportedly engineered. On May 24, 1999, just as jury selection was beginning, the studio reached an out-of-court settlement with Sondra.
In the decade following her courtroom saga, Sondra did not direct another movie. She did make a brief return to acting with small supporting roles in back-to-back low-budget independent features, The Prophet's Game (1999) and Clean and Narrow (1999), both of which failed to secure a theatrical release. In 2001, she sold her home in the Hollywood Hills and moved to another part of Los Angeles. After interim flings with producer Hawk Koch and Kennedy clansman Robert Shriver, she had a live-in relationship with one of the physicians who had treated her during her cancer siege. Dr. Scott Cunneen, described by Locke as "Herculean," was 17 years her junior, his mother only three years older than Sondra. She has since split up with him.
In 2016, preceded by a protracted absence from the public eye, trade press reported that Locke would come out of retirement to co-star in Alan Rudolph's Ray Meets Helen (2018) opposite Keith Carradine. The film was booked for a limited run in early spring 2018.
Locke died on November 3, 2018 at age 74 from cardiac arrest stemming from breast and bone cancer, although it was not publicized until December 14, 2018. The six-week delay raised a lot of eyebrows since the belated news came opening day of the latest Eastwood blockbuster, The Mule (2018). According to a death certificate obtained by the media, her cancer had returned in 2015. Locke's remains were cremated at Pierce Brothers Westwood Village Memorial Park & Mortuary and the ashes entrusted to her husband of 51 years. Rosanna Arquette, Frances Fisher and Evan Rachel Wood were among the celebrities who paid tribute. Despite the acrimony that followed the collapse of her famous relationship, Locke will be long remembered for her prominent roles in some of Eastwood's most beloved works -- and perhaps dichotomously, as a pioneer for the rights of independent working women.
Clint Eastwood [1975-1989]
Wiki Bio Text
==Sondra Louise Anderson== (née Smith; May 28, 1944 – November 3, 2018), professionally known as [[Sondra Locke]], was an American actress and film director. She made her film debut in 1968 in The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter, for which she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. She went on to star in such films as Willard, The Outlaw Josey Wales, The Gauntlet, Every Which Way But Loose, Bronco Billy, Any Which Way You Can and Sudden Impact. She has worked with Clint Eastwood, who was her companion for over 13 years. Her autobiography, The Good, the Bad, and the Very Ugly – A Hollywood Journey, was published in 1997.
===Early life=== ====Locke was born in Shelbyville, Tennessee,==== the daughter of Raymond Smith, a native of New York City then serving in the military, and Pauline Bayne Locke, a pencil factory worker. Her parents separated before she was born, and Bayne married construction company owner Alfred Taylor Locke. From that marriage, Locke has a maternal half-brother, Don (born April 1946).
====Locke was a cheerleader==== and class valedictorian in junior high. She attended Shelbyville Senior High School, where she was again valedictorian and voted "Duchess of Studiousness" by classmates, graduating in May 1962. She then enrolled at (but did not graduate from) Middle Tennessee State University, majoring in Drama. Later, Locke worked in the promotions department for WSM-TV in Nashville when she lived there for approximately three years.
===Career=== ====Locke won a nationwide talent==== search in 1967 for the part of Mick Kelly in a big-screen adaptation of Carson McCullers' novel The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter opposite Alan Arkin. Prior thereto, she had starred in some half-dozen theater productions with husband Gordon Anderson for Circle Players Inc. The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter was released in the summer of 1968 to critical acclaim, garnering Locke an Academy Award nomination as well as two Golden Globe Award nominations for Best Supporting Actress and Most Promising Newcomer.
====Her next film role==== was as Melisse in Cover Me Babe, originally titled Run Shadow Run, opposite Robert Forster. In 1971, she co-starred with Bruce Davison and Ernest Borgnine in the psychological thriller Willard, which became a box office hit. Locke made television guest appearances in several drama series throughout the early 1970s, including The F.B.I., Cannon, Barnaby Jones and Kung Fu. In the 1972 Night Gallery episode "A Feast of Blood", she played the victim of a curse planted by Norman Lloyd; the recipient of a brooch that devoured her. Lloyd acted with her again in Gondola, a three-character teleplay with Bo Hopkins, and remarked that Locke gave "a beautiful performance – perhaps her best ever." She was also featured in William A. Fraker's A Reflection of Fear (1972) and had the title role in The Second Coming of Suzanne (1974).
====Locke's career reached a turning point==== in 1975 when she took a supporting role in The Outlaw Josey Wales as the romantic interest of Clint Eastwood's eponymous character. This was followed by a lead role alongside Eastwood in the hit action film The Gauntlet (1977). Over the course of their personal relationship, Locke did not work in any capacity on any theatrical motion picture other than with him except for 1977's western The Shadow of Chikara. In 1978, she and Eastwood appeared with an orangutan named Manis in that year's second highest-grossing film, Every Which Way But Loose, an adventure-comedy in which Locke portrayed country singer Lynn Halsey-Taylor. The 1980 sequel, Any Which Way You Can, was equally successful. She recorded several songs for the films' soundtracks and has also performed live in concert with Eddie Rabbitt and Tom Jones.
====Locke starred as a bitter heiress==== who joins a traveling Wild West show in Bronco Billy (1980), her only film with Eastwood not to become a major commercial success. She cites Bronco Billy and The Outlaw Josey Wales as her favorites of the movies they made together. The pair's final collaboration as performers was Sudden Impact (1983), the highest-grossing film in the Dirty Harry franchise, in which Locke played a vengeful artist who systematically murders the men who had gang-raped her and her sister a decade earlier.
====In 1986,==== Locke made her feature directorial debut with [[Ratboy]], a fable about a boy who is half-rat, produced by Eastwood's company [[Malpaso]]. [[Ratboy]] only had a limited release in the United States, where it was a critical and financial flop, but was well received in Europe, with French newspaper [[Le Parisien]] calling it the highlight of the [[Deauville Film Festival]]. Concentrating almost exclusively on directing from that point onward, Locke's second foray behind the camera was [[Impulse]] (1990), a thriller starring [[Theresa Russell]] as a police officer who goes undercover as a prostitute. Later, she directed the made-for-television film [[Death in Small Doses]] (1995), based on a true story, and the independent film [[Do Me a Favor]] (1997) starring [[Rosanna Arquette]].
====After 13 years==== away from acting, Locke returned to the screen in 1999 with small roles in the straight-to-cable films The Prophet's Game with Dennis Hopper and Clean and Narrow with Wings Hauser. In 2014, the media announced that Locke would serve as an executive producer on the Eli Roth film Knock Knock starring Keanu Reeves.
===Personal life=== ====Locke married sculptor Gordon Anderson==== on September 25, 1967. She has stated in court papers that the marriage was never consummated and described her relationship with Anderson (reportedly a homosexual) as "tantamount to sister and brother." According to Locke, her husband is "more like a sister to me."
====From 1975 until 1989,==== Locke cohabited with actor Clint Eastwood. They had first met in 1972, but became involved while filming The Outlaw Josey Wales. She had two abortions in the late 1970s. Shortly after the second abortion, she underwent a tubal ligation, stating in her autobiography that her decision to have the procedures was due to Eastwood's insistence that parenthood would not fit into their lifestyle. She later discovered that he secretly fathered two children with another woman during the last three years of their relationship.
====In 1989,==== Locke filed a palimony suit against Eastwood after he changed the locks on their Bel-Air home and moved her possessions into storage while she was at work on the Impulse set. Following a yearlong legal battle, the parties reached a settlement wherein Eastwood set up a film development/directing pact for Locke at Warner Bros. in exchange for dropping the suit.
====In 1994,==== Locke sued Eastwood for fraud, alleging that the deal with Warner was a sham–the studio had rejected all of the 30 or more projects she proposed, and never assigned her to direct any of their in-house projects. According to Locke's attorney Peggy Garrity, Eastwood committed "the ultimate betrayal" by arranging the "bogus" film directing deal as a way to keep her out of work. The case went to trial in 1996, but just minutes before a jury was to render a verdict, Eastwood agreed to settle for an undisclosed amount. The outcome of the case, Locke said, sent a "loud and clear" message to Hollywood, "that people cannot get away with whatever they want to just because they're powerful."
====Locke also sued Warner Brothers==== separately, claiming that the studio never had any intention to use her as a director and rejected all of her projects without fairly considering them. The suit against Warner Brothers is used in some modern law-school contract textbooks to illustrate the legal concept of good faith. As had been the case with the previous lawsuit, this ended in an out-of-court settlement, in 1999. The agreement with Warner, Locke said, was "a happy ending" after "five years of torture."
====Locke is a breast cancer survivor,==== having undergone a double mastectomy and chemotherapy in 1990. During treatment, she began dating one of her surgeons, Scott Cunneen. Cunneen is 17 years younger than Locke. He moved in with her in 1991. In 2001, Locke purchased a six-bedroom home in the Hollywood Hills, a neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, in the southeastern Santa Monica Mountains.
====Locke died==== on November 3, 2018 from cardiac arrest related to breast and bone cancers. She was buried at Pierce Brothers Westwood Village Memorial Park and Mortuary.
==Sondra Locke== Actress - Born 28 May 1944 - Filmgoers who have attributed the stardom of actress [[Sondra Locke]] to the "sponsorship" of her onetime soulmate [[Clint Eastwood]] are suffering from the dreaded [[SMS]], or [[Short Memory Syndrome]]. These worthies have forgotten that Locke was Oscar-nominated for her portrayal of a suicidal small-town girl in [[Heart is a Lonely Hunter]] (1968) while Eastwood was still grinding out spaghetti westerns. It is true that Locke's flagging screen career was regenerated by her appearance in Eastwood's [[The Outlaw Josie Wales]]. It is also probable that she would not have been afforded the opportunity to play everything from supercilious heiresses ([[Bronco Billy]]) to foul-mouthed Federal witnesses ([[The Gauntlet]]) to vengeful murderers ([[Sudden Impact]]) without Eastwood's support and encouragement. The acrimonious "palimony" suit that followed the breakup of Locke and Eastwood served only to perpetuate the myth that Locke was a blonde nonentity coasting on the reputation of her live-in lover. That such a notion is idiotic has been proven by Sondra Locke's artistic achievements as director of such low-profile theatrical features as [[Ratboy]] (1990) and [[Impulse]] (1990) and such TVers as [[Death in Small Doses]] (1995).
Shelbyville, Tennessee, USA
Cause of Death
Place of Death
Los Angeles, California, USA
1968–1999, 2017--, 1968–1999, 2017