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Brown - Dark
Oak Park, IL
Place of Death
Cause of Death
Claim to Fame
The Old Man And The Sea
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Profile Bio Text
Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American writer and journalist. During his lifetime he had seven novels, six collections of short stories, and two works of non-fiction published, with a further three novels, four collections of short stories, and three non-fiction autobiographical works published after his death. Hemingway`s distinctive writing style—known as the iceberg theory—characterized by economy and understatement, had an enormous influence on 20th-century fiction, as did his apparent life of adventure and the public image he cultivated. Hemingway produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s, and his career peaked in 1954 when he won the Nobel Prize in Literature. Hemingway`s fiction was successful because the characters he presented exhibited authenticity that reverberated with his audience. Many of his works are classics of American literature.
Hemingway was born and raised in Oak Park, Illinois. After leaving high school he worked for a few months as a reporter, before leaving for the Italian front to become an ambulance driver during World War I; he was seriously wounded and returned home within the year. In 1922 Hemingway married Hadley Richardson, the first of his four wives, and the couple moved to Paris, where he worked as a foreign correspondent. During his time there he met and was influenced by modernist writers and artists of the 1920s expatriate community known as the "Lost Generation". His first novel, The Sun Also Rises, was written in 1924.
After divorcing Hadley Richardson in 1927 Hemingway married Pauline Pfeiffer; they divorced following Hemingway`s return from covering the Spanish Civil War, after which he wrote For Whom the Bell Tolls. Martha Gellhorn became his third wife in 1940, but he left her for Mary Welsh Hemingway after World War II, during which he was present at D-Day and the liberation of Paris.
Shortly after the publication of The Old Man and the Sea in 1952 Hemingway went on safari to Africa, where he was almost killed in a plane crash that left him in pain or ill-health for much of the rest of his life. Hemingway had permanent residences in Key West, Florida, and Cuba during the 1930s and 40s, but in 1959 he moved from Cuba to Idaho, where he committed suicide in the summer of 1961.
Couple Profile Source
Oak Park and River Forest High School, Oak Park, IL
Full Name at Birth
Ernest Miller Hemingway
Clarence Edmonds Hemingway
Grace Hall Hemingway
Marcelline Hemingway, Ursula Hemingway, Madelaine Hemingway, Carol Hemingway
Gary Cooper, Peter Viertel, John Huston, Ava Gardner, Robert Capa, Johnny Mayer, Howard Hawks, Leland Hayward, Conrad Hilton, Thornton Wilder, Gertrude Stein, James Joyce, Ezra Pound, Gene Van Guilder, Donald Ogden Stewart, Bill Smith, F. Scott Fitzgerald
Anson Hemingway (grandfather), Ernest Miller Hall (grandfather)
Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short story writer, and journalist. His economical and understated style had a strong influence on 20th-century fiction, while his life of adventure and his public image influenced later generations. Hemingway produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s, and won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. He published seven novels, six short story collections, and two non-fiction works. Additional works, including three novels, four short story collections, and three non-fiction works, were published posthumously. Many of his works are considered classics of American literature.
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