Hampstead, London, England
Actor/Actress, Soundtrack, Producer
Has Detailed Data (New)
Profile Bio Text
Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor was born in London to american parents in 1932. Her early movies, as a child in the early 1940s, starred such Hollywood luminaries as Orson Welles and Spencer Tracy. She quickly grew up, however, and by 1950 was, if not starring in, assuming major responsibilities for the success of motion pictures she appeared in. Then with major roles onscreen, came worldwide attention off-screen, most notably due to a succession of famous and/or rich husbands and a series of health crises throughout her life. She`s known internationally for her violet eyes, with which she captured audiences early on in her youth and has kept the world hooked on ever since. She`s won the Oscar twice and she`s earned her place in and out of the sun.
Actress Elizabeth Taylor has died, ABC News is reporting.
"She was surrounded by her children- Michael Wilding, Christopher Wilding, Liza Todd, and Maria Burton," Taylor's publicist, Sally Morrison, said in a statement.
In addition to her children, Taylor is survived by 10 grandchildren and 4 great-grandchildren.
Taylor had been hospitalized six weeks ago with congestive heart failure. Though she had recently suffered a number of complications, her condition had stabilized and it was hoped that she would be able to return home.
Taylor, a two-time Academy Award-winning actress who in later life became notorious for her seven marriages and sometimes eccentric behavior, had reported health problems in recent years and appeared frail in public appearances.
University High School, Los Angeles, CA
Full Name at Birth
Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor
White Diamonds (Perfume), Lux Toilet Soap (Magazine Advertisement) , Clear Red Lipstick by Max Factor (magazine advertisement) , Lustre-Creme Shampoo (Magazine Advertisement) , Whitman`s Chocolates (Magazine Advertisement) 
Place of Death
Los Angeles, California, USA
Couple Profile Source
Actress, Model, Producer
Claim to Fame
Evelyn Keyes, Debbie Reynolds, Jane Powell, June Allyson, Sidney Guilaroff, Helen Rose, Rock Hudson, George Cukor, Myrna Loy, Marlon Brando, Shelley Winters, George Stevens, Audrey Hepburn, Mel Ferrer, Shirley Maclaine, Janet Leigh, Jean Simmons, Stewart Granger, Oscar Levant
Francis Lenn Taylor
Michael Howard Wilding (son), Christopher Edward Wilding (son), Elizabeth Frances "Liza" Todd Burton (daughter), Maria Burton (daughter)
Dame Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor, DBE (February 27, 1932 – March 23, 2011) was a British American actress, businesswoman, and humanitarian. She began as a child actress in the early 1940s, and was one of the most popular stars of classical Hollywood cinema in the 1950s. She continued her career successfully into the 1960s, and remained a well known public figure for the rest of her life. In 1999, the American Film Institute named her the seventh-greatest female screen legend.
Cause of Death
1942 - 2002
Carrie Fisher (step daughter), Kate Burton (step daughter), Jessica Burton (step daughter)
Roddy McDowell, James Dean, Angela Lansbury, Montgomery Clift
Tall Dark Types
Wiki Bio Text
==Dame Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor==(February 27, 1932 – March 23, 2011) was a British-American actress, businesswoman, and humanitarian. She began as a child actress in the early 1940s, and was one of the most popular stars of classical Hollywood cinema in the 1950s. She continued her career successfully into the 1960s, and remained a well known public figure for the rest of her life. In 1999, the American Film Institute named her the seventh-greatest female screen legend.
====Born in London to wealthy,==== socially prominent American parents, Taylor moved with her family to Los Angeles in 1939, and she soon was given a film contract by Universal Pictures. She made her screen debut in a minor role in There's One Born Every Minute (1942), but Universal terminated her contract after a year. Taylor was then signed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, and had her breakthrough role in National Velvet (1944), becoming one of the studio's most popular teenaged stars. She made the transition to adult roles in the early 1950s, when she starred in the comedy Father of the Bride (1950) and received critical acclaim for her performance in the tragic drama A Place in the Sun (1951).
====Despite being one of MGM's==== most bankable stars, Taylor wished to end her career in the early 1950s, as she resented the studio's control and disliked many of the films to which she was assigned. She began receiving better roles in the mid-1950s, beginning with the epic drama Giant (1956), and starred in several critically and commercially successful films in the following years. These included two film adaptations of plays by Tennessee Williams, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958) and Suddenly, Last Summer (1959); Taylor won a Golden Globe for Best Actress for the latter. Although she disliked her role in BUtterfield 8 (1960), her last film for MGM, she won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance. She was next paid a record-breaking $1 million to play the title role in the historical epic Cleopatra (1963), the most expensive film made up to that point. During the filming, Taylor and co-star Richard Burton began having an extramarital affair which caused a scandal. Despite public disapproval, Burton and she continued their relationship and were married the first time (his second marriage, her fifth) in 1964. Dubbed "Liz and Dick" by the media, they starred in 11 films together, including The V.I.P.s (1963), The Sandpiper (1965), The Taming of the Shrew (1967), and Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966). Taylor received the best reviews of her career for Woolf, winning her second Academy Award and several other awards for her performance.
====Taylor's acting career began==== to decline in the late 1960s, although she continued starring in films until the mid-1970s, after which she focused on supporting the career of her sixth husband, Senator John Warner. In the 1980s, she acted in her first substantial stage roles and in several television films and series, and became the first celebrity to launch a perfume brand. Taylor was also one of the first celebrities to take part in HIV/AIDS activism. She co-founded the American Foundation for AIDS Research in 1985 and the Elizabeth Taylor AIDS Foundation in 1991. From the early 1990s until her death, she dedicated her time to philanthropy. She received several accolades for it, including the Presidential Citizens Medal.
====Throughout her life,==== Taylor's personal affairs were subject to constant media attention. She was married eight times to seven men, endured serious illnesses, and led a jet set lifestyle, including amassing one of the most expensive private collections of jewelry. After many years of ill health, Taylor died from congestive heart failure at the age of 79 in 2011.
===Early life=== ====Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor==== was born on February 27, 1932, at Heathwood, her family's home on 8 Wildwood Road in Hampstead Garden Suburb, London. She received dual citizenship at birth, as her parents, art dealer Francis Lenn Taylor (1897–1968) and retired stage actress Sara Sothern (née Sara Viola Warmbrodt, 1895–1994), were United States citizens, both originally from Arkansas City, Kansas. They moved to London in 1929 and opened an art gallery on Bond Street; their first child, a son named Howard, was born the same year.
====The Taylors'==== privileged life in London was little affected by the Great Depression. Their social circle included artists such as Augustus John and Laura Knight, and politicians such as Colonel Victor Cazalet. Cazalet was Taylor's unofficial godfather and an important influence in her early life. She was enrolled in Byron House, a Montessori school in Highgate, and was raised according to the teachings of Christian Science, the religion of her mother and Cazalet.
====The Taylors==== decided to return to the United States in the spring of 1939 due to the increasingly tense political situation in Europe. American ambassador Joseph P. Kennedy also contacted Francis and encouraged him to return to the U.S. with his family. Sara and the children left first in April 1939, and moved in with Taylor's maternal grandfather in Pasadena, California. Francis stayed behind to close the London gallery and joined them in December. In early 1940, he opened a new gallery in Los Angeles, and after briefly living in Pacific Palisades, the family settled in Beverly Hills, where Taylor and her brother were enrolled in Hawthorne School.
===Acting career=== ====Career beginnings (1941–1943)====
====Adolescent star (1944–1949)====
====Transition to adult roles (1950–1951)====
====Continued success at MGM (1952–1955)====
====Critical acclaim (1956–1960)====
====Cleopatra and other films with Richard Burton (1961–1967)====
====Career decline (1968–1979)====
====Stage and television roles; retirement (1980–2007)====
===Other ventures=== ====HIV/AIDS activism====
====Fragrance and jewelry brands====
===Personal life=== ====Marriages, relationships, and children====
====Throughout her adult years,==== Taylor's personal life and especially her eight marriages drew a large amount of media attention and public disapproval. According to biographer Alexander Walker, "whether she liked it or not ... marriage is the matrix of the myth that began surrounding Elizabeth Taylor from when she was sixteen". MGM organized her to date football champion Glenn Davis in 1948, and the following year she was briefly engaged to [[William Pawley, Jr.]], son of U.S. ambassador William D. Pawley. Film tycoon Howard Hughes also wanted to marry her, and offered to pay her parents a six-figure sum of money if she were to become his wife. Taylor declined the offer, but was otherwise eager to marry young, as her "rather puritanical upbringing and beliefs" made her believe that "love was synonymous with marriage". Taylor later described herself as being "emotionally immature" during this time due to her sheltered childhood, and believed that she could gain independence from her parents and MGM through marriage.
====Taylor was 18==== when she married [[Conrad "Nicky" Hilton, Jr.]], heir to the Hilton Hotels chain, at the Church of the Good Shepherd in Beverly Hills on May 6, 1950. MGM organized the large and expensive wedding, which became a major media event. In the weeks after their wedding, Taylor realized that she had made a mistake; not only did Hilton and she have few common interests, but he was also abusive and a heavy drinker. She was granted a [[divorce]] in January 1951, eight months after their wedding.
====Taylor married==== her second husband, British actor [[Michael Wilding]]—a man 20 years her senior—in a low-key ceremony at Caxton Hall in London on [[February 21, 1952]]. She had first met him in 1948 while filming [[The Conspirator]] in England, and their relationship began when she returned to film [[Ivanhoe]] in 1951. Taylor found their age gap appealing as she wanted "the calm and quiet and security of friendship" from their relationship; he hoped that the marriage would aid his career in Hollywood. They had two sons, [[Michael Howard]] [[(born January 6, 1953)]] and [[Christopher Edward]] [[(born February 27, 1955)]]. As Taylor grew older and more confident in herself, she began to drift apart from Wilding, whose failing career was also a source of marital strife. When she was away filming [[Giant]] in 1955, gossip magazine Confidential caused a scandal by claiming that he had entertained strippers at their home. Taylor and Wilding announced their [[separation]] in July 1956, and were [[divorced]] in January 1957.
====Taylor married her third husband,==== theater and film producer [[Mike Todd]], in Acapulco, Mexico, on [[February 2, 1957]]. They had one daughter, [[Elizabeth "Liza" Frances]] [[(born August 6, 1957)]]. Todd, known for publicity stunts, encouraged the media attention to their marriage; for example, in June 1957, he threw a birthday party at Madison Square Garden, which was attended by 18,000 guests and broadcast on CBS. [[His death]] in a plane crash on March 22, 1958, left Taylor devastated. She was comforted by Todd's and her friend, singer [[Eddie Fisher]], with whom she soon began an affair. As Fisher was still married to actress [[Debbie Reynolds]], the affair resulted in a public scandal, with Taylor being branded a "homewrecker". Taylor and Fisher were [[married]] at the Temple Beth Sholom in Las Vegas on May 12, 1959; she later stated that she married him only due to her grief.
====While filming Cleopatra in Italy in 1962,==== Taylor began an affair with her co-star, Welsh actor [[Richard Burton]], although Burton was also married. Rumors about the affair began to circulate in the press and were confirmed by a paparazzi shot of them on a yacht in Ischia. According to sociologist [[Ellis Cashmore]], the publication of the photograph was a "turning point", beginning a new era in which it became difficult for celebrities to keep their personal lives separate from their public images. The scandal caused Taylor and Burton to be condemned for "erotic vagrancy" by the Vatican, with calls also in the U.S. Congress to bar them from re-entering the country. Taylor was granted a [[divorce]] from Fisher on March 6, 1964, in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, and [[married]] Burton nine days later in a private ceremony at the Ritz-Carlton Montreal. Burton subsequently adopted [[Liza Todd]] and [[Maria Burton]] [[(born August 1, 1961)]], a German orphan whose adoption process Taylor had begun while married to Fisher.
====Dubbed "[[Liz and Dick]]" by the media,==== Taylor and Burton starred together in 11 films and led a jet set lifestyle, spending millions on "furs, diamonds, paintings, designer clothes, travel, food, liquor, a yacht, and a jet". Sociologist [[Karen Sternheimer]] states that they "became a cottage industry of speculation about their alleged life of excess. From reports of massive spending [...] affairs, and even an open marriage, the couple came to represent a new era of 'gotcha' celebrity coverage, where the more personal the story, the better." [[They divorced]] for the first time in June 1974, but reconciled and [[remarried]] in Kasane, Botswana, on October 10, 1975. The second marriage lasted less than a year, ending in [[divorce]] in July 1976. Taylor and Burton's relationship was often referred to as the "marriage of the century" by the media, and she later stated, "after Richard, the men in my life were just there to hold the coat, to open the door. All the men after Richard were really just company." Soon after her final divorce from Burton, Taylor met her sixth husband, [[John Warner]], a Republican politician from Virginia. They were married on December 4, 1976, after which Taylor concentrated on working for his electoral campaign. Once Warner had been elected to the Senate, she started to find her life as a politician's wife in Washington, DC, boring and lonely, becoming depressed, overweight, and increasingly addicted to prescription drugs and alcohol. Taylor and Warner [[separated]] in December 1981, and [[divorced]] a year later in November 1982.
====After the divorce from Warner,==== Taylor was engaged to Mexican lawyer [[Victor Luna]] in 1983–1984 and New York businessman [[Dennis Stein]] in 1985. She met her seventh and last husband, construction worker [[Larry Fortensky]], at the Betty Ford Center in 1988. They were married at the Neverland Ranch of her longtime friend [[Michael Jackson]] on October 6, 1991. The wedding was again subject to intense media attention, with one photographer parachuting to the ranch and Taylor selling the wedding pictures to People for $1 million, which she used to start her [[AIDS foundation]]. Taylor and Fortensky [[divorced]] in October 1996.
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