Brown - Dark
Lubbock, Texas, USA
Place of Death
Clear Lake, Iowa, USA
Cause of Death
Claim to Fame
Buddy Holly & The Crickets
Rock & Roll, Rockabilly, Early Pop/Rock
Amiable/Good-Natured, Playful, Lively, Exciting, Party/Celebratory, Carefree, Earnest, Rousing, Sweet, Sentimental, Wistful, Fun, Melancholy, Innocent, Exuberant, Tense/Anxious, Cheerful, Happy, Poignant, Joyous, Rollicking
Guitar, Vocals, Classical Music Entry
Has Detailed Data (New)
Profile Bio Text
Charles Hardin Holley, known professionally as Buddy Holly was an American singer-songwriter and a pioneer of rock and roll. Although his success lasted only a year and a half before his death in an airplane crash, Holly is described by critic Bruce Eder as "the single most influential creative force in early rock and roll." His works and innovations inspired and influenced both his contemporaries and later musicians, notably The Beatles, The Beach Boys, The Rolling Stones, and Bob Dylan, and exerted a profound influence on popular music.
Holly was in the first group of inductees to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1986. In 2004, Rolling Stone ranked Holly #13 among "The Fifty Greatest Artists of All Time".
Holly managed to bridge some of the racial divide that marked rock n` roll. While Elvis made black music more acceptable to whites, Holly won over an all-black audience when the Crickets were booked at New York`s Apollo Theater for August 16-22, 1956, though, unlike the immediate response depicted in the 1978 movie The Buddy Holly Story, it actually took several performances for the audience to appreciate his talents. In August 1957, the Crickets were the only white performers on a national tour, their first.
After a performance in Green Bay, Wisconsin at the Riverside Ballroom, on February 1, the tour moved on to the Surf Ballroom in Clear Lake, Iowa on February 2, 1959. This was not a scheduled stop, but rather a last minute addition.
After the show, Buddy Holly chartered a Beechcraft Bonanza to take him and two members of his new backup band from Clear Lake, Iowa enroute to the next stop of the tour, the Armory in Moorhead, Minnesota. The Big Bopper asked Jennings for his spot on the four-seat plane, as he was recovering from the flu. Valens asked for Allsup`s seat. Allsup pulled a 50 cent coin out of his pocket and the two men flipped for it. Allsup lost.
The plane took off in light snow and gusty winds at around 12:55 A.M., but crashed within minutes of departure. The wreckage was discovered several hours later by the plane`s owner, Jerry Dwyer, some 5 miles (8.0 km) from the airport. The crash killed Holly, Valens, Richardson, and the 21-year-old pilot, Roger Peterson. Holly`s body, along with those of Valens and Richardson, was thrown from the wreckage. Without any doubt, all had died on impact. While theories abound as to the exact cause of the crash, an official determination of pilot error was rendered by the Civil Aeronautics Board. The young pilot had failed a flight test for an instrument rating a few months earlier. Also, as the pilot was not instrument rated, the official report strongly criticized the decision to fly in such weather conditions. Don McLean referred to it as "The Day the Music Died".
Full Name at Birth
Charles Hardin `Buddy` Holley
Thick, Black-Rimmed Glasses, One of A Kind Vocals
Has Detailed Data (Music)
Charles Hardin Holley (September 7, 1936 â€“ February 3, 1959), known as Buddy Holly, was an American musician and singer-songwriter who was a central figure of mid-1950s rock and roll. Holly was born in Lubbock, Texas, to a musical family during the Great Depression; he learned to play guitar and to sing alongside his siblings. His style was influenced by country music and rhythm and blues acts, and he performed in Lubbock with his friends from high school. He made his first appearance on local television in 1952, and the following year he formed the group "Buddy and Bob" with his friend Bob Montgomery. In 1955, after opening for Elvis Presley, Holly decided to pursue a career in music. He opened for Presley three times that year; his band's style shifted from country & western to entirely rock and roll. In October that year, when he opened for Bill Haley & His Comets, Holly was spotted by Nashville scout Eddie Crandall, who helped him gain a contract with Decca Records.
Ritchie Valens, The Big Bopper
Has Detailed Data (105)
Has Detailed Data (76)
Music Profile Complete
Ella Pauline (Drake) Holley
Hutchinson Junior High School, Lubbock High School
Page Display = 2 (Legacy)
Music Genre (Text)
Rock and roll, rockabilly, Lubbock sound, country, pop
Vocals, guitar, piano, violin, banjo
Decca, Brunswick, Coral
The Crickets, The Picks
Music Genre (Text)
rhythm and blues
Buddy and Bob
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